Key Facts

Lesotho facts v Switzerland (contextual comparative)

Lesotho vs Switzerland
# SWITZERLAND KINGDOM OF LESOTHO
Size SqKm (SqMi) 41,285 (15,940) 30,355 (11,720)
Size Km E-W, N-S (Mi) 348 (216), 220 (137) 200 (124), 220 (137)
Population * 8.54 million (2018) 2.26 million (201 8)
Pop. Density / SqKm (SqMi) 207 (536), 450/km2 on plateau 74 (193)
Median Age 42 24
Ave Life Expectancy 82 54
Pop. Below Poverty Line (US$1.25/d) 0% 40%
Geography Mountainous and Landlocked in Central Europe Mountainous & Landlocked in South Africa
Government Federal Democracy, 26 Cantons Constitutional Monarchy with non-executive Royal Family, 10 Districts
GDP (per capita) US$ 660 billion (US$ 77,283) US$ 2.44 billion (US$ 1,079)
Highest Point 4,643 m (15,203 ft) 3,482 m (11,424 ft)
Lowest Point 193 m (633 ft) 1,400 m (4,593 ft)
Annual Precipitation 1,000 mm (39 in) on plateau (500-600m) 2,900 mm (97 in) in mountains (2,500m) 691 mm (27 in) on Lowlands (1,500 m) 1,200 mm (47.2 in) in mountains (2,500m)
Air Pollution Significant Impact - vehicle emmissions & acid rain Nothing in the mountains, marginal vehicle & open fire emissions in Maseru
Days Annual Sunshine (hours) ~190 days (2,000 hrs) 300 days (3,200 hrs)
Mountain Temp. Range -30 degC to 27 degC (winter mean -6.6 degC, summer mean 12 degC) -18 degC to 28 degC (winter mean -6.6 degC, summer mean 12 degC)
Plateau/Lowlands Temp. Range -7 degC to 30 degC -7 degC to 30 degC
Water Pollution Significant Impact - from agricultural chemicals and hydrocarbons from vehicles & industry. Marginal Impact -from open cast mining and soil erosion in mountains. Human and factory contamination in urban areas.
Renewable Water Storage 53.3 km3 2.9 km3 (2,908 million m3)
Water Use per annum 2,500 million m3 (92,000 US Gal per capita) 63 million m3 (7,367 US Gal per capita)
Capital / Pop. Bern / 121,600 Maseru / 386,000
Largest City / Pop. Zurich / 341,700 Maseru / 386,000
Official Languages German, French, Italian, Romansh Sesotho, English
Meical / Pharma Expertise Leading high quality pharma manufacturer Emerging high quality medical cannabis producer
Famous For Skiing & Chocolate Cannabis & Traditional Blankets
  • Capital city: Maseru (population 800,000)
  • Significant national income from water sales to South Africa, arising from the jointly financed Lesotho Highlands Water Project. Medigrow water supply from this system.
  • Medigrow distances from site to major destinations:
    • Maseru & South Africa border post: 109km
    • Mosshoeshoe Int. Airport (Maseru): 97km
    • OR Tambo Int. Airport (Johannesburg): 544km
map of lesotho